Thursday, 26 January 2012

How Kali ingressed and initiated the Kaliyuga?

After the end of the Mahabharata war, Dwapara yuga also ends. Then starts the Kaliyuga and Dharmaraya rules it for 16 years. He passes the throne to Parikshita, the grandson of Arjuna and son of Abhimanyu + Uttara. Yudhistira takes Vaanaprasta and later acquires self Nirvaana. Parikshita identifies the Kali's ingress in 16 Amshas and understands that it is his grandfather Dharmaraya's contribution! The story goes like this. 
Once upon a time during Dharmaraya's rule, his Kudos were elaborated towards upper 7 and lower 7 Lokas. Bali was famous as the Dharmishta. Listening to Dharmaraya's kudos, the Bali Chakravarthy invites Dharmaraya as guest to his palace in Paatala Loka. As Dharmaraya goes there, he was treated with good banquet and while exploring the Bali's Palace, there was a surprise for him. At some corner of the palace, one cow was hanged inverted upright. Dharmaraya, the one who won't consume food without Go-pooja and giving food to cow, interprets this as violence act on cow and rejecting his hospitality starts departing from there. Bali, tries to convince him in different ways that he had not troubled any creatures. what he had seen was not truth, an illusion. But Dharmaraaya's instinct didn't accepted this and insisted to release the cow sooner, then only he will accept the hospitality. If "Athiti" - the guest goes out unsatisfied, it will be a sin. So, Bali releases the inverted cow. As soon as cow touches the ground, it reforms into Human, salutes both of them and disappears.
Astonishingly Dharmaraaya askes Bali about the incident of cow converting to human and disappearing from there. Bali recalls his saying that it was the "Maya", an illusion created by "Kali". Bali says that he had obligated Kali's ingress to this world for 20 Yugas and made the world to experience only Kruta, Treta and Dwapara Yugas. Now, Dharmaraya has liberated the Kali and it will occupy the world. He warns Dharmaraaya to take precautions about the Kali. After receiving Kali's hospitality, Dharmaraaya comes back to his palace and witnesses Kali sitting on his Simhaasana.

Dharmaraaya's Endurance controlled his own wrath. But Bheema becomes anger, attacks on Kali to kill. Kali objects that in the rule of Dharmaja, will he allow a person to whom he has given pardon from dying (Praana Bhikshe) and kill him in his own court. This was one of the greatest offenses according to the Dharma Shastras of that time. So, Kali projects a Dharmic Grievance. Dharmaraaya releases Kali from the hands of Bheema and obligates Kali to ingress the world only in 16 parts (Amshas) and never trouble the people in any other forms than these 16.

Parikshitha visualizes the whole story of Kali's ingress in 16 parts. With his physical strength, he obligates Kali and rules the world by his effort for 36 years. Then his son Janamejaya rules only for 28 years. He struggles a lot to rule and then bestows throne to his grandson Sudhanva. Brave Sudhanva discovered a formula from the Puraatana (Ancient) Vedic Raajya Shastra to rule the world by monitoring the 16 parts where Kali gets in. Accordingly he divided the Legislation into 16 parts and gave an united but Decentralized Political rule in the Vishala Bharatha.


Let us see how this Decentralized system of Vedic legislation was organized, in future posts.

Wednesday, 25 January 2012

Ancient Vedic Syllabus-5: Shudra Vidhya

This course is for the students who grow on the basis of "Bhakti" - Devotion, the Property of the society known as  Kaarmika Varga - with their excellence in their stream, hard working people and form the pillar of the Society. A Vatu with prerequisites quoted in the Syllabus-1 post is eligible to be admitted.



Vatu
+
  • Basic Studies said before.
=
Vidhyarthi
+
  • Vedanta thraya (3),
  • Purana Jnana
    =
    Puranika = Daasa = Keerthanakaara
    +
  • Study of Sutra Bhashya and the related texts.
  • Astanga Yogas
    =
    Yogi = Snaataka
    +
  • Vedaartha Jnana
  • Study of Sruthi and Smruthis
  • Paraartha Jnana.
  • Sathya Vaadhi
    =
    Swami : Parivraajaka
    +
  • Nispruhatha
  • Nirmoha
  • Nirahamkaara
  • Nishkaapatya
  • Bhakthi Sahithya Darshana
  • Dhaiva Saakshaatkaara
  • =
    Rishi

Sunday, 22 January 2012

Ancient Vedic Syllabus-4: Vaishya Vidhya

This course is for the students who grow on the basis of Sampath, the Property of the society known as  Production, Distribution, Management, Economics and basic needs of the Society. A Vatu with prerequisites quoted in the Syllabus-1 post is eligible to be admitted.


Vatu
+
  • Basic Studies said in Brahma Vidhya & Rajya Shastra, Neethi Shastra
=
Vidhyarthi
+
  • Veda,
  • Upanishat,
  • Sutra
  • Poorvaapara Prayoga
    =
    Archaka
    +
  • Dharma Shastras starting with Dharma Sindhu.
    =
    Purohitha
    +
  • Tharka
  • Sahitya
    =
    Acharya
    +
  • Ganitha (Khagola, Rekha, Anka, Beeja, Sameekarana)
    =
    Shastry
    +
  • Vedanta Vijnana
  • Khagola Vijnana
  • Jeeva Vijnana
  • Vaastu Vijnana
    =
    Joshi - 1
    0___________0
    Acharya
    +
  • Dharma Shastra
  • Ganitha Shastra
  • Karma Kaanda
  • Parisara Vijnana
 =
    Joshi - 2
+
Shastry
+
  • Study of Sutra Bhashya
    =
    Karanika
    +
  • Parisara Vijnana
  • Kalaa Vijnana
    =
    Vaastu Shastry
    +
    Shastry
    +
  • Loha Shilpa
  • KaaSTa Shilpa
  • Shilaa Shilpa
  • Mruttika Shilpa
  • Rasa Shilpa
    =
    Shilpi
    +
  • Aagama Thraya (3)
  • Vaastu Shastra
  • Shilpa Shastra
    =
    AagamikAcharya
    +
  • Jeeva Vijnana
  • Rasaayana Shastra
  • Anga Rachana Shastra
    =
    Bhaishaja
    +
    Shastry
    +
  • Rasa tantra
  • Raagaa tantra
  • Aasava tantra
  • Yojana tantra
  • Shalya tantras
    =
    BhishgRatna ( Maharshi)

Friday, 6 January 2012

Ancient Vedic Syllabus-3: Kshatra Vidhya

This course is for the students who grow on the basis of Bala / Power and constitute the military and ruling elite of the Vedic social system. A Vatu with prerequisites quoted in the Syllabus-1 post is eligible to be admitted.

Vatu
+
  • Basic Studies said in Brahma Vidhya & Rajya Shastra, Neethi Shastra
=
Vidhyarthi
+
  • Veda,
  • Vedanga,
  • Sutra
=
Shrauthi
+
  • Tantra Shastra,
  • Agama Thraya Sutra
  • Study of (6) Shat Tantras with the practicals from Atharva Veda
=
Tantrika [Bhatta]
+

  • Shilpa Shastra, 
  • Loha Shastra,
  • Ratna Pareeksha, 
  • Ganitha,
  • Dhaatu Vaada,
  • Rasayana Shastra,
  • Vaastu Vijnana
=
Aagamika [Adiga, Yaji]
+
  • Soma,
  • Agnistoma,
  • AtiRaatra
  • ELaavruta
  • Pundareeka
  • Vajapeya
  • Raajasooya
  • Ashwamedha and some more Yaga Sutras have to be studied and understood.
=
Yaagnika = Adhwaryu

+
  • Tatva-Meemansa Sahitya Shastra
=
Rajarshi

Thursday, 5 January 2012

Ancient Vedic Syllabus-2: Brahma Vidhya

This department is for knowledge oriented Education. A Vatu with prerequisites quoted in the previous post is eligible to be admitted.

Vatu
+ 
=
Vidhyarthi 
+
  • Veda of their Shaakha
  • ShaaKhokta Sutra Lessons, 
  • Poorva & Para Prayogas (Ritual Performance), 
  • Knowledge of Srautha & Smartha Nithya karmaanushtana 
=
Purohita 
+ 
=
Upadhyaya 
+

=
Mahopadhyaya 
  • Vedanga Sutras, 
  • Shatapata Gaana Sutra, 
  • Tantra Sutra 
= 
Acharya

+ 
  • Nyaya Shastra = Judiciary, 
  • Artha Shastra = Economics, 
  • Dharma Shastra Sutras, 
  • Advaita, 
  • Dvaita, 
  • Vishishtadvaita, 
  • Vedanta Darshana (18000) & Siddantas, 
  • SaanKhya Sutras, 
  • (18) Astadasha Smruthis 
= 
Memansaka 
+
  • Expertize theoritically & Practically all these knowledge and understand god 
=
Dhaivagna
+
  • By Continuous Tapas & Anushtana throughout life
 =
Brahmarshi

Wednesday, 4 January 2012

Ancient Vedic Syllabus-1 : Vatu

This series of posts will introduce you to the syllabus structure of old Indian Vedic Schools known as Gurukulas.


Education Types:
  • Agni Vidhya = Spiritual Education
  • Mruthyu Vidhya = Worldly Education
There were 4 main stream Courses called as Vidhya Varnas:
  1. Brahma: Jnana       =        Knowledge oriented
  2. Kshatra: Bala         =        Administration and Power oriented
  3. Vaishya: Sampath  =        Bussiness & management oriented
  4. Shudra: Bhakti       =        Devotion & service oriented
Birth + Good Physical & Mental Development --> Human 
Human + Upaneetha --> Vatu 
Vatu + Severe Interest & Prerequisits= Vidhyarthi (Student)

Prerequists: Basic studies in the following streams will qualify a Vatu to become a Vidhyarthi:
  1. Veda: Ultimate truth & knowledge. Now 4 texts in number.
  2. Upanishat: Elaboration of some veda mantra. Now 100's in number.
  3. Saamajika Ithihaasa: historical events, related to divinity, austerity, morality, written for the society. Eg: Ramayana, Mahabharata.
  4. Purana: Ancient narration of the universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of kings, heroes, sages, and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology, philosophy, and geography. Now 18 main & 18 sub Puranas available.
  5. Prakruthi Parisara: Environmental Science.
  6. Samaja Dharma: Social Conduct, law & order.